http://bit.ly/SubToECPlay games with us on Extra Play! In the late 1690s, the adventurer Johann Patkul managed to ally Russia with Denmark and Saxony by the secret Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye, and in 1700 the three powers attacked. [34] Peter continued his campaigns in the Baltics, and eventually he built up a powerful navy. The Gottorp party succumbed and Ulrike Eleonora, wife of Frederick I, transferred power to her husband in May 1720. If you would like to participate, you can edit the article attached to this page, or visit the project page, where you can join the project and/or contribute to the discussion. in J.S. [38] In 1712 the first Russian campaign to capture Finland began under the command of General Admiral Fyodor Apraksin. Russia left Poland in the spring of 1706, abandoning artillery but escaping from the pursuing Swedes, who stopped at Pinsk. Russian breach of the blockade at Hangö forced the Swedish fleet to withdraw to prevent the Russian fleet from reaching Sweden itself. Yet the town could not be taken due to the arrival of a Swedish relief army, led by general Magnus Stenbock, which secured the Pomeranian pocket before turning west to defeat an allied army in the Battle of Gadebusch. Apraksin gathered an army of 15,000 men at Vyborg and started the operation in late August. Meanwhile, the forces of Peter I had recovered from defeat at Narva and gained ground in Sweden's Baltic provinces, where they cemented Russian access to the Baltic Sea by founding Saint Petersburg in 1703. Campaign from Grodno to Poltava 1706–1709, Bolesław I's intervention in the Kievan succession crisis, First Mongol invasion of Poland (1240/41), Second Mongol invasion of Poland (1259/60), Third Mongol invasion of Poland (1287/88), Polish–Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1512–1522), Polish–Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1534–1537), Sino-Russian border conflicts (1652–1689), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Northern_War&oldid=1002113636, Wars involving the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Wars involving the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 175,000 killed by famine, disease and exhaustion, 30,000 Russians killed, wounded and captured in combat, 110,000 killed by famine, disease and exhaustion, 14,000–20,000 Poles, Saxons and 8,000 Danes killed in the larger battles. Together they carried a landing force of nearly 30,000 men. Russia gained its Baltic territories and became one of the greatest powers in Europe. In the Treaty of Hanover (1710), Hanover, whose elector was to become George I of Great Britain, allied with Russia. Frederick IV and Augustus II were defeated by Sweden, under Charles XII, and forced out of the alliance in 1700 and 1706 respectively, but rejoined it in 1709 after the defeat of Charles XII at the Battle of Poltava. [40], After the failure of 1712, Peter the Great ordered that further campaigns in war-ravaged regions of Finland with poor transportation networks were to be performed along the coastline and the seaways near the coast. Russia was able to mobilize a larger army but could not put all of it into action simultaneously. Sweden had lost almost all of its "overseas" holdings gained in the 17th century and ceased to be a major power. 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