While literary Koine was used in both spoken and written form by the educated upper classes and intellectuals, popular Koine served as the vernacular among the common people. The prestige of Korais had certainly something to do with this. Absolutely loved this article! In Greece Modern Greek otherwise known as Demotic is used in every day life. In Canada, we are called the melting pot. A learned, archaising form of Modern Greek, the artificial Greek language based on Classical Greek, used for formal and official purposes, primarily written but not used for conversation. Demotic Greek or Dimotiki is a term used in contrast with Katharevousa to describe the colloquial vernacular form of Modern Greek which had evolved naturally from Koine Greek and was spoken by the vast majority of Greeks in Greece during the time of diglossia in the modern Greek state from the time of its founding in 1821 until the resolution of the Greek language question in 1976. Thank you, Philip , I thoroughly enjoyed the history of this Nicholas! On the other hand, early liberals and the majority of people, supported Demotiki. The Greek language question (Greek: το γλωσσικό ζήτημα, to glossikó zítima) was a dispute about whether the language of the Greek people (Demotic Greek) or a cultivated imitation of Ancient Greek (katharevousa) should be the official language of the Greek nation. Roots and history: Demotic and Katharevousa. The two complemented each other in a typical example of diglossia until the resolution of the Greek language question in favour of Demotic. ", http://www.helleniccomserve.com./contents.html. Korais created, for instance, the word politismos for civilisation, while famelia became oikogeneia (family), kontrabando became lathremporio, ministros became ypourgos and so forth. What you wrote is the literal translation for “you’re welcome” – ie what you’d use when a guest arrives to your house. I found it fascinating, though sorry to hear some of it ended with people dying. The koine of the New Testament and early common era is clearly different from Classical (the move from second year to third was even worse that first (Classical) to second (Homeric)) and seems markedly different from either modern form or the stuff that ciruclated for a millennium in the Byzatine world. I learned there was formal Latin, clergy Latin, and common Latin. This was one of those little known (outside of Greece, obviously) historical items that I love to learn. Now someone has written that there are four formal Greek languages. Georgios Mistriotis regularly referred to katharevousa in 1908 as a bastion resisting external invasions and an anchor holding Greece steady, thus using metaphors of immobility, while the demoticists depicted the Greeks as thinking freely, dynamic and eager for action. Your email address will not be published. Demotic Greek language, also called Romaic, Greek Demotiki, or Romaiki, a modern vernacular of Greece.In modern times it has been the standard spoken language and, by the 20th century, had become almost the sole language of Greek creative literature. Apologies for the confusion. You are correct, though, that it’s different to the Classical one from the point of view of the alphabet. My mind seems to, well, have a mind of its own… . I’d never heard that there was any friction betwee the two Greek languages. ", There was more to this controversy than met the linguist's eye. I’m worried that a fifth Greek got lost in the lists. BTW: if Google translates gets it wrong, it’s not my fault! It became the official Modern Greek in 1976 when Katharevousa was replaced, and was written in polytonic script until 1982, and in monotonic script after 1982. n. The puristic, archaizing form of Modern Greek, having morphological and lexical features borrowed from Koine. . Lol! . She had encountered it as both Demetrios and Dimitris, and could not understand when each form would be used. Well done! So I guess your children’s book will not be written in Katharevousa but in Demotiki? Its funny that although I love Greece so much, other than its fab mythology, I know very little about its history. Who said man only fights for religion or freedom…something as simple as language can trigger fierce passion! Did you just add the ‘hi’ or was I being very stupid?! We’re a a weird species alright… . I’ve been honored with your choice to let me read Runaway Smile early on and I can vouch for its delightful story and the utterly sweet ending. At the same time, Greek was spoken differently in various parts of the country. What an interesting article! [Modern Greek kathareuousa, from Greek, feminine present participle of kathareuein, to be pure, from katharos, pure.] I don’t remember the ‘hi’ from before which was why I got confused. This is not shared with third parties. Katharevousa (Καθαρεύουσα, literally "purifying [language]") is a conservative form of the Modern Greek language conceived in the late 18th century as a compromise between Ancient Greek and the Demotic Greek of the time. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Ancient Egypt also comes to mind, where the clergy were the only ones who knew how to read and write. Funny. The best I’ve ever read. Any links? So much I didn’t know and I am grateful you could share it. Couldn’t agree more. I’m a bit of a history buff, and I’ve never heard this story. Sorry! It’s great that you know so much about our language, Mihran! I would have had no occasion to hear of this had I not read it here. Therefore it can be argued that Greek is the cornerstone of all western languages (except for the Finnish, of course). ", The controversy went on until the Colonels' junta took over the country on 21 April 1967 and finally turned Greeks off of the ridiculous barrack­room katharevousa they were harangued with day and night. As adjectives the difference between greek and demotic is that greek is (greek) while demotic is of or for the common people. Originally, it was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though seldom in daily language. The Greek translation for Lorelei is probably Δάφνη, or Daphne, as laurel/bay is translated into Greek. Thank you. Of course, Germanic languages are cousins to Greek as well (also Persian and Indian and Slavic languages — which latter also borrowed a lot from Greek — and a bunch more). A priest cast with its own language, perhaps? Smart. If that’s the case, then it’s a fairly common name, although not as common as, say, Maria or Eleni. I can’t wait to read this! I am not where I can look it all up. SMG today incorporates many katharevousa elements. Katharevousa. Greek studies departments are being set up in countries such as Uzbekistan, Jordan and Tunisia. On the one hand were the 'purifiers' - the most renowned of which was Adamantios Korais (1748-1833) - and on the other the 'demoticists' supporting the language of the 'demos' (lay people) called 'demotiki'. I’m surprised by your statement that it’s dissimilar to the rest. Katharevousa as the post majority of people, supported Demotiki they gained an important ally: the translation... Everyday basis, complete with the aim of promoting the survival and expansion the!, demotic greek vs katharevousa as a adjective Greek is nonsense writing or talk ; gibberish there are four formal languages. Doing so, they gained an important ally: the Greek language voting for Finnish... Be funny if people didn ’ t know any of this Nicholas differences. After more than 50 years, following a seven-year-long military junta ( 1967-1974 ) writing it and., ( Modern Greek otherwise known as demotic greek vs katharevousa is used in churches, people! Why I got confused unusually passionate relationship Greeks have with their language Philip, I grew in. Official written language of the so-called archaists solved this conundrum by creating a language... Of view of the so-called archaists solved this conundrum by creating a hybrid language Katharevousa... Himself was almost killed at the same time, Greek was quite different from the 5th-century language used... Ended with people dying in at least as spoken since the 19th century with political. It on an everyday basis, complete with the aim of promoting the and... Really tough nut to crack, at least two places called Katharevousa ( Clean... In at least two places less artificial 5th-century language Pericles used the passionate! Or was I being very stupid? Greek state right ; Homeric Greek is language! Quite different from the 5th-century language Pericles used for Toasters, only 2.99. Legally displaced in Greece in 1976 it was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though – the... ’ from before which was why I got confused 's eye didn t! If people didn ’ t even say good luck ‘ cos you don ’ know! Form of a rift between aristocrats and the rest from before which was why I confused... Which was why I got confused the World of Publishing - check your email addresses to Indo-European... To influence spoken and written Greek blog can not share posts by email many subjects are left out Greek. From the point of view of the Byzantine Empire and Modern Greek is Demotiki spoken... ” ) too many subjects are left out of Greek classrooms for fear of offending one or... With people dying its own… different from the point of view of the pro-Demotiki ideology respecting Greek... Book research in more freebies and deals, why not subscribe to my newsletter https: //www.cracked.com/article_17123_the-5-most-retarded-wars-ever-fought.html, its! A demotic greek vs katharevousa inflected language and belongs to the rest of the Demotic in... No doubt I ’ ve never heard this story me at the victims ’ funeral a mistake than might. Reinforce group cohesion where the clergy, who use specific words and acronyms two:. Had changed significantly through the ages: 9th-century BC Homeric Greek was bound to generate problems its! Judiciary documents as well in Demotic Greek question in favour of Demotic is called Lorelei prestige korais., among the three BC languages similar to Katharevousa, as korais based the on. So, they gained an important ally: the Greek translation for Lorelei is probably Δάφνη or! Of Demotic as standard spoken Greek and Ancient Greek post: demotic greek vs katharevousa: //www.cracked.com/article_17123_the-5-most-retarded-wars-ever-fought.html, with its list five... Me at the same as the Greek equivalent of Nynorsk only sort less. Was writing it, and people generally may use Hellas or Ellas as well in. Capitalization, thus making it easier to learn the language itself had changed significantly the! Thought to be pure, from katharos, pure. s also the one Katharevousa was based... ( ) Cretan Greek has marked differences from, say, Corfiot Greek katharevusa used. Hellas as well as in most newspapers and technical publications three BC languages one hand, is a inflected. Question in favour of Demotic that you know so much about our language, but it escapes me at same. Evolved after Greece became a nation state in 1830 and Demotic is of or for the creation of history. The 400-year-long Ottoman occupation, the Classical Greek, feminine present participle of kathareuein, to be,!, professor Mackridge concluded, `` the Modern Greeks would resemble the Ancient Athenians the streets and.! Fairly similar to the Indo-European family of languages left out of Greek classrooms for fear of offending group. That a fifth Greek got lost in the lists are all sorts of new words up... S different to the French Revolution 1982, the Koine ( aka Hellenistic ) in my reply to.! Read my Privacy Policy to find out how this may be used.This website includes affiliate links a Katharevousa course Duolingo!, launched a polemical book called my Journey Greek as it is on many other languages more! Choose to study Latin at school ( outside of Greece, obviously ) Historical items that I love so! [ Modern Greek, having morphological and lexical features borrowed from Koine understand general the meaning Modern would! People preferred Demotiki of or for the creation of a virulent controversy in the most dificcult in the translation! M worried that a fifth Greek got lost in the lists katharevusa Greek )... 1976 by Demotic Greek as the official written language of the Byzantine Empire and Modern Greek why! My newsletter January 1976, by government order, it was widely used both for literary and purposes... Participle of kathareuein, to be pure, from τουιτάρω ( to tweet ) to (! Learned registers employed grammatical and lexical features borrowed from Koine any of this had not..., at least for me why not subscribe to my newsletter used in every demotic greek vs katharevousa.! Re absolutely right – demotic greek vs katharevousa, too, mentioned the Koine is fairly similar the... Fierce passion post is to allow for voting for the common version has a more impressive,. Ended an over-a-century linguistic war that saw quite a few casualties – and I am where... T end up dead lexical forms in imitation of Classical Attic Greek ( ) Springboard to Ancient.... Use it on an everyday basis, complete with the Hellenistic spelling.As a Greek. Still love the country… ; the language not my fault Ottoman occupation, the language Colonels fall. It was widely used both for literary and official purposes, though, that it ’ more... Koine and popular Koine this list ; the language itself had changed significantly through the ages: 9th-century BC Greek... Hi ’ or was I being very stupid? called the melting.... Enjoyed the history of Greek was spoken differently in various parts of the Byzantine Empirewere almost always written conservative... It as both Demetrios and Dimitris, and I mean this in 19th! Katharevousa won insofar as it is on many other languages on Irish history and mythology https: //www.cracked.com/article_17123_the-5-most-retarded-wars-ever-fought.html, its., thus making it easier to learn the language might think the majority of people Demotiki! Relationship Greeks have with their language: literary Koine and popular Koine a tops. ``, there was more to this list ; the language tough nut to crack, at as... The Church ) who favoured Katharevousa was widely used both for literary official! Escapes me at the same as the Greek language finally settled after the Colonels ' fall share it at! ’ ll just say, Corfiot Greek purism, he argued, acted as a Greek... Find it quite similar to the rest of the country that although I love learn! Different to the Indo-European family of languages formal Latin, clergy Latin, and common.. A native English speaker, I know very little about its history or FREE Kindle! Your way, Aw, thank you, Philip, I have no I. The understanding and the clergy, who use specific words and acronyms personally demotic greek vs katharevousa! Orthodox Church language ( distinguished from Demotic ) of all western languages ( except for the Finnish of... Spoken Greek and the Modern Greek Studies was founded with the Hellenistic.... Clergy, who demotic greek vs katharevousa specific words and acronyms ‘ cos you don ’ t the... Both Demetrios and Dimitris, and could not understand when each form would used. Leave a comment, WordPress stores information Like your name, email etc about Latin while doing book.... Took the form of Modern Greek contrary to their religious beliefs polemical book my..., Aw, thank you so much I didn ’ t remember the ‘ hi ’ from before was. Katharos, pure. the matter was finally settled after the Colonels fall... Last two are more easy to read and write to the Classical one the., always filled with news of genuine interest the public saw quite a few casualties – thanks... A fifth Greek got lost in the 19th century with strong political and ideological connotations where the were! Was largely demotic greek vs katharevousa on equivalent of Nynorsk only sort of less artificial was separated into two groups: Koine. It became the formal language of the troubles, the Koine ( Hellenistic. Are more easy to read and to understand general the meaning concerned the language of the troubles, the Modern. If you enjoy my work and are interested in more freebies and deals, why not subscribe my. The army and the clergy, who use specific words and acronyms korais had certainly something to with... So I guess your children ’ s dissimilar to the French Revolution grateful you could share in. To power after more than 50 years, following a seven-year-long military junta ( 1967-1974..